Home Traditional Chinese Festivals

About the Spring Festival(Chinese New Year)
    With more than 4,000 years history, the Spring Festival is the most important festival among four traditional Chinese festivals. It is the most grand and busiest festival in China.
The Spring Festival, also called Yuanri in ancient times, is the lunar New Year, popularly known as Guo Da Nian (passing a year). Spring Festival generally refers to New Year Eve and the First Day of New Year. However, the traditional Spring Festival starts from the 8th day of the 12th lunar month—the Laba Festival or the 23rd day of the 12th lunar month for worshipping for kitchen god, to the 15th day of the first lunar month. During this period, the New Year Eve and the First Day of New Year are the climax to celebrate


New Year’s Eve Dinner
New Year’s Eve dinner, also called family reunion dinner, is the dinner on the New Year’s Eve (the last day of the lunar year). On this day, families gather together to usher in the New Year. The tradition of family reunion dinner reflects mutual care and support for one another in Chinese families. Such bonds make family relationships closer.    
New Year’s Eve is an important day for the Chinese. On that day, people prepare for family union dinner and usher in the New Year. The Chinese family values mutual respect and care, which forms strong family bonds. As heads of the family, elder people would be happy to see family members gathering together, while the younger generation will take this opportunity to express their gratitude to parents. What a lovely scene!


The Lantern Festival
The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, usually in February or March in the Lunar calendar. As early as the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), it had become a festival with great significance. The celebration of this festival means the spring festival is over and so workers and students will be going back to work and school respectively.    
The food eaten during this festival is called sweet dumplings which is made of rice and is mould into small balls like we can see in the picture. People hang red lantern in their rooms and we can also see lanterns hanged along the streets and in the squares.
 
    During the day of the Festival, performances such as a dragon lantern dance, a lion dance, a land boat dance, a yangge dance, walking on stilts and beating drums while dancing will be staged. In the night, except for magnificent lanterns, fireworks form a beautiful scene. Most families spare some fireworks from the Spring Festival and let them off in the Lantern Festival. Some local governments will even organize a fireworks display. In the night when the first full moon enters the New Year, people become really intoxicated by the imposing fireworks and bright moon in the sky.

Dragon Boat Festival
    Dragon Boat Festival originated in from commemoration of Qu Yuan who is regarded as the great patriotic poet in China.
Qu Yuan loved his country very much that he wanted some changes in the rules of the government .But this was not accepted by the emperor.So he commited suicide by jumping into the Milo river.As a result,the people made rice dumplings (Zongzi in chinese) and threw them into the river so that the fish would not eat his body. Since then, this has become a very important festival in China.There is a Dragon Boat race organized along some seaside cities in china for example Guangzhou,Sichuan,Yueyang and so on.

The Mid-Autumn Festival

This is a festival celebrated on the 15th day of August in the Lunar calender. It is also a family reunion festival which brings relatives together once again.It is a time for families to enjoy the harvest of their labor.People exchange gifts to express their thanks,eat moon cakes,fruits and enjoy the full mooIt is interesting to know that,Mid-Autumn festival is considered to be a romantic one because, many people miss their loved ones who are far from home. So poems have been written for people to express their feeling. For example....
 

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